History of Borobudur Temple

History of Borobudur Temple – Borobudur Temple is one of the most spectacular archaeological sites in Indonesia and is one of UNESCO’s world cultural heritage sites. Located in Magelang, Central Java, this temple is the largest Buddhist temple in the world. Here is more information about Borobudur Temple:

History of Borobudur Temple

History of Borobudur Temple

Below is the complete history of Borobudur Temple

Early Construction

Borobudur Temple is thought to have been built between the 8th and 9th centuries by the Syailendra Dynasty. However, there are no definitive written records about who built this temple or its initial purpose.


Although there is no written information about the exact purpose of its construction, Borobudur is believed to be a place for contemplation and meditation in Mahayana Buddhism. The structure reflects the concept of Buddhist cosmology, which describes the journey to enlightenment.

Middle Ages

After centuries of use, Borobudur experienced a period of neglect and abandonment due to changes in religious beliefs and natural disasters. In the 14th century, the eruption of Mount Merapi caused this temple to be covered in volcanic ash.

Abandonment and Rediscovery

This temple was forgotten for centuries until 1814 when Thomas Stamford Raffles, the British Governor General of Java, heard reports about this site. In 1835, assisted by the Dutch, Borobudur was successfully excavated from under a pile of volcanic ash.

History of Borobudur Temple
History of Borobudur Temple


Regarding the architecture of the temple as follows


Borobudur Temple has an amazing design. Pyramid-shaped, this temple has three square levels with five terraces. At the top there is a large stupa which symbolizes Buddha’s enlightenment.

Relief Carvings

The entire surface of Borobudur’s walls and terraces is decorated with hundreds of relief carved panels. This relief tells various stories from the Jataka, namely stories about life before Siddhartha Gautama became Buddha.

Mandala Shape

The structure of Borobudur reflects the concept of the mandala, which is a symbolic map of the universe in Buddhism. This mandala is represented by the layout of the stupa and reliefs around the temple.

Cultural and Religious Significance

Pilgrimage Place: To this day, Borobudur Temple is still used as a pilgrimage place for Buddhists. Especially during the Vesak celebration, which commemorates the birth, enlightenment and death of Siddhartha Gautama.

Borobudur Temple

World Heritage

In 1991, Borobudur was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site and became one of the most popular tourist destinations in Indonesia.

Symbol of Enlightenment

Borobudur Temple is also considered a symbol of enlightenment and the journey to spiritual awareness in Buddhism.

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Entire Complex: Visitors can enjoy the beauty of the reliefs and architecture of Borobudur Temple while enjoying views of the surrounding mountains and rice fields.

Educational and Cultural Center

Around the temple, there are museums and educational centers that provide further information about the history and culture of the temple.

Vesak Celebration

On Vesak celebration, thousands of Buddhists from all over the world gather at Borobudur to commemorate the life of Buddha.

Borobudur Temple is one of the most impressive historical heritages in Indonesia and is a silent witness to the glory of ancient civilization in this region.