History of North Kalimantan
The area that became North Kalimantan Province was the former territory of the Bulungan Sultanate. The Bulungan Sultanate once controlled the coastal area which consisted of several areas, namely Bulungan Regency, Tana Tidung Regency, Malinau Regency, Nunukan Regency, Tarakan City and Tawau (now Sabah) in which there were various tribes. The Bulungan Sultanate was founded in 1731. Raja The first was Wira Amir who had the title Amiril Mukminin (1731-1777), and the last or 13th King was Datuk Tiras who had the title Sultan Maulana Muhammad Djalalluddin (1931-1958)
BULUNGAN SWAPRAJA REGION
The Bulungan Sultanate agreed to join Indonesia under the Malinau Convention agreement which was attended by all the kings of the archipelago on August 7 1949. After the recognition of Indonesia’s independence from the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Bulungan region received status as the Swapraja Bulungan Region or “autonomous region” in the Republic of Indonesia in 1949. 1950, namely the Special Region at the district level in 1955.
The last Sultan, Jalaluddin, died in 1958. . Due to accusations of treason and wanting to join Malaysia, which until now has not been proven, the Bulungan Sultanate was unilaterally abolished in 1964 in a bloody incident, burning and massacre in the Bulungan Sultanate known as the Bultiken Tragedy (Bulungan, Tidung, and Kenyah) and the Bulungan Sultanate region. just a simple district under East Kalimantan.
FORMATION OF NEW AUTONOMOUS REGIONS
Over time, Bulungan Regency was expanded into several new autonomous regions, namely Kab. Nunukan, Kab. Malinau, KTT (Tana Tidung Regency) and Tarakan City. The people of North Kalimantan feel that they are far behind in terms of infrastructure development, education and society compared to other regions. With the enthusiasm to improve the quality of life of regional communities, discourse began to emerge regarding the formation of North Kalimantan Province in 2000.
With a long struggle, North Kalimantan Province was officially formed since the signing of Law Number 20 of 2012 concerning the Establishment of North Kalimantan Province on November 16 2012 by Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.
INAUGURAL OF THE NEW AUTONOMOUS REGION
The bill on the formation of North Kalimantan Province was previously approved by the DPR Plenary Session on 25 October 2012 to be ratified as law (UU). Since the publication of Law no. 20 of 2012, North Kalimantan Province was officially formed as the 34th province in Indonesia. On April 22 2013, the Acting Governor of North Kalimantan, Irianto Lambrie, was appointed by the Minister of Home Affairs Gamawan Fauzi in Jakarta.
At the time of its formation, the North Kalimantan region was divided into 5 administrative regions consisting of 1 city and 4 districts, namely Tarakan City, Bulungan Regency, Malinau Regency, Nunukan Regency, and Tana Tidung Regency. This entire area was previously part of the East Kalimantan region. Based on Article 7 of Law Number 20 of 2012, North Kalimantan has the capital of Tanjung Selor which is in Bulungan Regency.
REGIONAL LEADERSHIP ELECTION
North Kalimantan first held elections for Governor and Deputy Governor in December 2015, previously held by the Acting Governor. The first elected Governor and Deputy Governor of North Kalimantan were H. Irianto Lambrie and H. Udin Hianggio.
SIMULTANEOUS ELECTIONS IN 2020
North Kalimantan will again hold regional head elections on December 9 2021. During the incumbent’s leave period (71 days), the Minister of Home Affairs appointed Teguh Setyabudi, as Acting Governor of North Kalimantan on September 25 2021.
GOVERNOR AND DEPUTY GOVERNOR FOR THE 2021-2024 PERIOD
Based on the results of the determination issued by the General Election Commission of North Kalimantan Province on January 22 2021, Zainal A. Paliwang and Yansen TP were declared as the elected pair of Governor and Deputy Governor of North Kalimantan.
Then, after being inaugurated by President Joko Widodo at the State Palace on February 15 2021, Zainal A. Paliwang and Yansen TP officially served as Governor and Deputy Governor of North Kalimantan for the period 2021 – 2024.